Joint disorders

Temporomandibular joint disorders are the pain and dysfunction syndrome affecting the system comprising of masseter, temporomandibular joint, some of head and neck muscles, ligaments, teeth, cheek, lip and salivary glands.

Complaints about this disorder may not occur in only joint but also in jaw, eye, nose, ear, throat. 

Signs of temporomandibular joint disorder

Temporomandibular joint disorder has many signs and indications. Some of them are as follows:

• Pain in front of the ear, temporomandibular joint, facial and neck muscles and temporal.

• Facial pain and tiredness

• Pain and tiredness while chewing

• Difficulty in opening mouth and yawning

• Squeak, click, clack while opening and closing mouth

• Limited opening your jaw or locking

• Opening jaw by shifting unilaterally

• Facial swelling

• Toothache

• Sense of non-occlusion as usual in teeth

• Tinnitus

• Problem of hearing

• Headache (generally like migraine)

• Pain and pressure around eye

• Dizziness, fainting

The important thing for diagnosing temporomandibular joint disorders is that the dentist has the skill and knowledge to assess these data correctly and make the discriminating diagnosis.

Clinic examination of this disorder lasts for about 30-35 minutes. Specialist dentist learns necessary information about oral health and health problems of the patient tries to make the diagnosis by means of detailed examination covering head neck muscles and temporomandibular joint. If necessary for the diagnosis, auxiliary imaging methods and other methods may be used.

Factors causing to Temporomandibular joint disorder:

Temporomandibular joint disorders are multi-reason and include many diseases related to the zone. General opinion is that a few factor cause to the disease. These are;

• Direct trauma to jaws (accident or impact)

• Dental treatments that mouth has to be open for a long time

• As a result of opening jaw excessively during general anaesthesia implementation

• Parafunctional jaw activities: grinding, clenching, biting lip, nail biting, chewing gum,

• Abnormal relation between maxillary and submaxillary teeth,

• Developmental defects of joint (hypoplasia, etc.)

• Degenerative joint disorders, osteoarthritis, arthrosis,

• Auto-immune diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus,

• Orofacial movement disorders,

• Behavioural disorders: stress, depression, somatisation,

• Major dissonance of jaw relations,

• Major dissonance of dental occlusion

• Unknown factors.

Treatment of Temporomandibular joint disorder:

The main aim of the treatment is to regulate the pressure in temporomandibular joint and provide usual jaw functions. If correct diagnosis is established for temporomandibular disorders, it has been scientifically proven that these disorders may be taken under control with the patient training, use of orthopedics apparatus (Splint) being a conservative treatment.

"Contents in this Website just for information. This Information shouldn't use for medical examination or diagnosis"
Copyright © 2012 İmgesel Tasarım